A Picture, representing The Gingerbread Baker By Brauwer.
A ditto, The Gamblers Ditto.
A ditto, A Woman and Child Rembrandt.
A ditto, The Interior of an Artist's Painting Room Brauwer.
A ditto, The Interior of a Kitchen Ditto.
A Statue of a Woman, in plaster.
Two Children, in plaster.
A Sleeping Child, in plaster.
A Landscape By Rembrandt.
A ditto Ditto.
A Woman represented standing Ditto.
A Christmas Night Piece Jean Lievensz.
St. Jerome Rembrandt.
Dead Hares, a small picture Ditto.
A small picture of a Pig Ditto.
A small Landscape Hercules Segers.
A Landscape Jean Lievensz.
A ditto Ditto.
A ditto Rembrandt.
A Combat of Lions Ditto.
A Landscape, by moonlight Jean Lievensz.
A Head Rembrandt.
A ditto Ditto.
A picture of Still Life, objects retouched Ditto.
A Soldier, clad in armour By Rembrandt.
A Skull, and other objects, styled a Vanitas, retouched Ditto.
A ditto, ditto, retouched Ditto.
A Sea Piece Hendrick Antonisz.
Four Spanish Chairs, covered with leather.
Two ditto, ditto in black.
A Plank of Wood.


A small picture of the Samaritan, retouched By Rembrandt.
The Rich Man Palma Vecchio.
(The half of this picture belongs to Peter de la Tombe).
A View of the Back of a House By Rembrandt.
Two Sporting Dogs, done after nature Ditto.
The Descent from the Cross, a large picture, in a gilt frame Ditto.
The Raising of Lazarus Ditto.
A Courtesan Dressing Ditto.
A Woody Scene Hercules Segers.
Tobias, &c. Lastman.
The Raising of Lazarus Jean Lievensz.
A Landscape, representing a mountainous country Rembrandt.
A small Landscape By Govert Jansz.
Two Heads Rembrandt.
A Picture, en grisaille Jean Lievensz.
A ditto, ditto Parcelles.
A Head Rembrandt.
A ditto Brauwer.
A View of the Dutch Coast Parcelles.
A ditto of the same, smaller Ditto.
A Hermit Jean Lievensz.
Two Small Heads Lucas Van Valkenburg.
A Camp on Fire The elder Rassan.
A Quack Doctor After Brauwer.
Two Heads By Jan Pinas.
A perspective View Lucas Van Leyden.
A Priest Jean Lievensz.
A Model Rembrandt.
A Flock of Sheep Ditto.
A Drawing Ditto.
The Flagellation of our Lord Ditto.
A Picture, done en grisaille Parcelles.
A ditto, ditto Simon de Vlieger.
A small Landscape Rembrandt.
A Head of a Woman, after Nature Ditto.
A Head Rafaelle Urbino.
A View of Buildings, after Nature Rembrandt.
A Landscape, after Nature Ditto.
A View of Buildings Hercules Segers.
The Goddess Juno Jacob Pinas.
A Looking Glass, in a black ebony frame.
An ebony Frame.
A Wine Cooler, in marble.
A Table of walnut tree, covered with a carpet.
Seven Spanish Chairs, with green velvet cushion.


A Picture By Pietro Testa.
A Woman with a Child Rembrandt.
Christ on the Cross, a model Ditto.
A Naked Woman Ditto.
A Copy, after a picture Annibal Caracci.
Two Half Figures Brauwer.
A Copy, after a picture Annibal Caracci.
A Sea View Parcelles.
The Head of an Old Woman Van Dyck.
A Portrait of a deceased Person Abraham Vink.
The Resurrection A. Van Leyden.
A Sketch Rembrandt.
Two Heads, after Nature Ditto.
The Consecration of Solomon's Temple, done en grisaille Ditto.
The Circumcision, a copy After Ditto.
Two small Landscapes By Hercules Segers.
A gilt Frame.
A small Oak Table.
Four Shades for engraving.
A Clothes Press.
Four old Chairs.
Four green Chair Cushions.
A Copper Kettle.
A Portmanteau.


A Woody Scene By An Unknown Master.
An Old Man's Head Rembrandt.
A large Landscape Hercules Segers.
A Portrait of a Woman Rembrandt.
An Allegory of the Union of the Country Ditto.
This is probably the picture now in the Collection of Samuel Rogers, Esq.
A View in a Village By Govert Jansz.
A Young Ox, after Nature Rembrandt.
The Samaritan Woman, a large picture, attributed to Giorgione, the half of which belongs to Peter de la Tombe.
Three antique Statues.
A Sketch of the Entombment By Rembrandt.
The Incredulity of St. Peter Aertje Van Leyden.
The Resurrection of our Lord Rembrandt.
The Virgin Mary Rafaelle Urbino.
A Head of Christ Rembrandt.
A Winter Scene Grimaer.
The Crucifixion. Probably intended for Novellari Lely of Novellaene.
A Head of Christ Rembrandt.
A young Bull or Ox Lastman.
A Vanitas, retouched Rembrandt.
An Ecce Homo, en grisaille Ditto.
Abraham Offering up his Son Jean Lievensz.
A Vanitas, retouched Rembrandt.
A Landscape, en grisaille Hercules Segers.
An Evening Scene Rembrandt.
A large Looking Glass.
Six Chairs, with blue cushions.
An oak Table.
A Table Cloth.
A Napkin Press.
A Wardrobe, or Armoir.
A Bed and a Bolster.
Two Pillows.
Two Coverlids.
Blue Hangings of a Bed.
A Chair.
A Stove.


A pair of Globes.
A Box, containing minerals.
A small Architectural Column.
A Tin Pot.
The Figure of an Infant.
Two pieces of Indian Jadd.
A Japan or Chinese Cup.
A Bust of an Empress.
An Indian Powder Box.
A Bust of the Emperor Augustus.
An Indian Cup.
A Bust of the Emperor Tiberius.
An Indian Work-Box, for a lady.
A Bust of Caius.
A pair of Roman Leggins.
Two Porcelain Figures.
A Bust of Heraclitus.
Two Porcelain Figures.
A Bust of Nero.
Two Iron Helmets.
An Indian Helmet.
An ancient Helmet.
A Bust of a Roman Emperor.
A Negro, cast from Nature.
A Bust of Socrates.
A Bust of Homer.
A ditto of Aristotle.
An antique Head, done in brown.
A Faustina.
A Coat of Armour, and a Helmet.
A Bust of the Emperor Galba.
A ditto of the Emperor Otho.
A ditto of the Emperor Vitellius.
A ditto of the Emperor Vespasian.
A ditto of the Emperor Titus Vespasian.
A ditto of the Emperor Domitian.
A ditto of Silius Brutus.
Forty-seven specimens of Botany.
Twenty-three ditto of Land and Marine Animals.
A Hammock, and two Calabashes.
Eight various objects, in plaster, done from Nature.


A quantity of Shells, Marine Plants, and sundry curious objects, in plaster, done from Nature.
An antique Statue of Cupid.
A small Fuzil, and a Pistol.
A steel Shield, richly embossed with Figures, by Quintin Matsys, very curious and rare.
An antique Powder-horn.
A ditto; Turkish.
A Box, containing Medals.
A Shield of curious workmanship.
Two Naked Figures.
A Cast from the face of Prince Maurice, taken after his death.
A Lion and a Bull, in plaster, after Nature.
A number of Walking Sticks.
A long Bow.


A Book, containing Sketches by Rembrandt.
A ditto, containing Prints engraved in wood by Lucas Van Leyden.
A ditto ditto, by Wael and others.
A ditto, containing Etchings by Baroccio and Vanni.
A ditto, containing Prints after Rafaelle Urbino.
A gilt Model of a French Bed, by Verhulst.
A Book full of Engravings, many of which are double impressions, by Lucas Van Leyden.
A ditto, containing a great number of Drawings by the best masters.
A ditto, containing a number of fine Drawings by Andrea Mantegna.
A ditto, containing Drawings by various masters, and some Prints.
A ditto, larger, full of Drawings and Prints.
A ditto, containing a number of Miniatures, Wood-cuts, and Copper-plate Prints, of the various costumes of countries.
A Book, full of Prints by Old Breughel.
A ditto, containing Prints after Rafaelle Urbino.
A ditto, containing valuable Prints, after the same.
A ditto, full of Prints by Tempesta.
A ditto, containing Wood-cuts and Engravings by Lucas Cranach.
A ditto, containing Prints after the Caracci and Guido, and Spagnoletti.
A ditto, containing Engravings and Etchings by Tempesta.
A large Folio of ditto ditto, by Ditto.
A ditto ditto, various.
A Book, containing Prints by Goltius and Müller.
A ditto, containing Prints after Rafaelle Urbino, very fine impressions.
A Book, containing Drawings by Brauwer.
A Folio, containing a great number of Prints after Titian.
A number of curious Jars and Venetian Glasses.
An old Book, containing a number of Sketches by Rembrandt.
A ditto ditto.
A large Folio of Sketches by Rembrandt.
An empty Folio.
A Backgammon Board.
An antique Chair.
A Book, containing Chinese Drawings in miniature.
A large Cluster of White Coral.
A Book full of Prints of Statues.
A ditto full of Prints, a complete work by Heemskirk.
A ditto, full of Sketches by Rubens, Van Dyck, and other masters.
A ditto, containing the Works of Michael Angelo Buonarotti.
Two small Baskets.
A Book, containing Prints of free Subjects, after Rafaelle, Roest, Annibal Caracci, and Giulio Romano.
A ditto, full of Landscapes by the most distinguished masters.
A Book, containing Views of Buildings in Turkey, by Melchoir Lowick, Hendrick Van Helst, and others; and also the Costumes of that Country.
An Indian Basket, containing various Engravings by Rembrandt, Hollar, Cocq, and others.
A Book, bound in black leather, containing a selection of Etchings by Rembrandt.
A paper Box, full of Prints by Hupe Martin, Holbein, Hans Broemer, and Israel Mentz.
A Book, containing a complete set of Etchings by Rembrandt.
A Folio, containing Academical Drawings of Men and Women, by Rembrandt.
A Book, containing Drawings of celebrated Buildings in Rome, and other Views, by the best masters.
A Chinese Basket, full of various Ornaments.
A Folio.
A ditto.
A ditto, containing Landscapes after Nature by Rembrandt.
A Book, containing a selection of Proof Prints after Rubens and Jacques Jordaens.
A ditto, full of Drawings by Miervelt, Titian, and others.
A Chinese Basket.
A ditto ditto, containing Prints of Architectural Subjects.
A ditto, containing Drawings of various Animals from Nature by Rembrandt.
A ditto, full of Prints after Frans Floris, Bruitwael, Goltius, and Abraham Bloemart.
A quantity of Drawings from the Antique, by Rembrandt.
Five Books, in quarto, containing Drawings by Rembrandt.
A Book full of Prints of Architectural Views.
The Medea, a Tragedy, by Jan Six.
A quantity of Prints, by Jacques Callot.
A Book, bound in parchment, containing Drawings of Landscapes, after Nature, by Rembrandt.
A ditto, full of Sketches of Figures by Rembrandt.
A ditto, various.
A small Box, with wood divisions.
A Book, containing Views drawn by Rembrandt.
A ditto, containing fine Sketches.
A ditto, containing Statues after Nature by Rembrandt.
A ditto, various.
A ditto, containing pen Sketches by Peter Lastman.
A ditto, containing Drawings in red chalk by Ditto.
A ditto, containing Sketches drawn with the pen by Rembrandt.
A ditto, various.
A ditto, ditto.
A Book, various.
A ditto, ditto.
A ditto, ditto.
A Folio of large Drawings of Views in the Tyrol, by Roeland Savery.
A ditto, full of Drawings by celebrated masters.
A Book, in quarto, containing Sketches by Rembrandt.
A Book of Wood-cuts of the proportions of the Human Figure, by Albert Durer.
A Book, containing Engravings by Jean Lievensz and Ferdinand Bol.
Several parcels of Sketches by Rembrandt and others.
A quantity of Paper, of a large size.
A Box, containing Prints by Van Vliet, after Pictures by Rembrandt.
A Screen, covered with cloth.
A steel Gorget.
A Drawer, containing a Bird of Paradise, and six Forms of divers patterns.
A German Book, containing Prints of Warriors.
A ditto, with Wood-cuts.
Flavius Josephus, in German, illustrated with Engravings by Tobias Kinderman.
An ancient Bible.
A marble Inkstand.
A Cast, in Plaster, of Prince Maurice.


St. Joseph By Aertje Van Leyden.
Three Prints, in frames.
The Salutation.
A Landscape after Nature Rembrandt.
A Landscape Hercules Segers.
The Descent from the Cross Rembrandt.
A Head after Nature.
A Skull Retouched by Rembrandt.
A Model, in plaster, of the Bath of Diana By Adam Van Vianen.
A Model from Nature Rembrandt.
A Picture of Three Puppies, after Nature Titus Van Ryn.
A ditto of a Book Ditto.
A Head of the Virgin Ditto.
The Flagellation A Copy after Rembrandt.
A Landscape by Moonlight Retouched by Ditto.
A Naked Woman, a Model from Nature By Ditto.
An unfinished Landscape from Nature Ditto.
A Horse painted from Nature By Rembrandt.
A small Picture Young Hals.
A Fish, after Nature.
A Model, in plaster, of a Bason, adorned with Figures, by Adam Van Vianen.
An old Chest.
Four Chairs, with black leather seats.
A Table.


Thirty-three pieces of Armour and Musical Instruments.
Sixty pieces of Indian Armour, and several Bows, Arrows, and Darts.
Thirteen bamboo Pipes, and several Flutes.
Thirteen objects, consisting of Bows, Arrows, Shields, &c.
A number of Heads and Hands, moulded from Nature, together with a Harp, and a Turkish Bow.
Seventeen Hands and Arms, moulded from Nature.
Some Stag Horns.
Five ancient Casques.
Four long Bows, and cross Bows.
Nine Gourds and Bottles.
Two modelled Busts of Bartholt Been and his Wife.
A plaster Cast from a Grecian Antique.
A Bust of the Emperor Agrippa.
A ditto of the Emperor Aurelius.
A Head of Christ, of the size of Life.
A Head of a Satyr.
A Sibil—Antique.
The Laocoon—Ditto.
A large Marine Vegetable.
A Vitellius.
A Seneca.
Three or four antique Heads of Women.
A metal Cannon.
A quantity of Fragments of antique Dresses, of divers colours.
Seven Musical stringed Instruments.
Two small Pictures by Rembrandt.


Twenty Objects, consisting of Halberds and Swords of various kinds.
Dresses of an Indian Man and Woman.
Five Cuirasses.
A wooden Trumpet.
A Picture of Two Negroes by Rembrandt.
A Child by Michael Angelo Buonarotti.


The Skins of a Lion and a Lioness, and two Birds.
A large Piece, representing Diana.
A Bittern, done from Nature, by Rembrandt.


Ten Paintings, of various sizes, by Rembrandt.
A Bed.


A pewter Pot.
Several Pots and Pans.
A small Table.
A Cupboard.
Several old Chairs.
Two Chair Cushions.


Nine Plates.
Two earthen Dishes.


Three Shirts.
Six Pocket Handkerchiefs.
Twelve Napkins.
Three Table Cloths.
Some Collars and Wristbands.

The preceding Inventory was made on the 25th and 26th of July, 1656.

Free Translation of the Autograph Letter on the opposite page.


It is, your Honour, with reluctance, that I am about to trouble you with a letter, and that, because on applying to the receiver Utenbogaert, (to whom I have entrusted the management of my money matters,) as to how the treasurer Volberger acquits himself of the yearly 4 per cent. interest, the said Utenbogaert, on Wednesday last, replied,—that Volberger has every half year received the interest on this annuity, and has done so up to the present time; so that now, at the annuity office, more than 4000 florins being owing, and this being the exact and true statement, I beg of you, my kind-natured Sir, that the exact sum of money at my disposal may be at once made clear, in order that I may at last receive the sum of 1244 florins, long since due; as I shall always strive to recompense such by reciprocal services, and with lasting friendship; so that with my most cordial greetings, and the prayer that God may long keep you in good health, and grant you bliss hereafter,

I remain,

Your Honour's

Obedient and devoted Servant,


I am living on the Binnen Aemstel, at the Confectioner's. 
10th Oct.

Van Suylyken, Esq. 
Counsellor and Secretary to his Highness in the Hague.

Per post.

We cannot reflect upon the foregoing Catalogue without regretting that Rembrandt, in his old age, should have, like our own Milton,

"Fall'n on evil days,

On evil days though fall'n and evil tongues."

The troubles existing at that time pervaded the whole of Europe, and works, both of poetry and painting, produced little emolument to the possessors; consequently the whole of this rich assemblage of works of art, the accumulation of years, fell a sacrifice to the hammer of the auctioneer, producing little more than four thousand nine hundred guilders. By its list, however, we are enabled to refute the assertion of many of his biographers, that he neglected the antique, and the works of the great masters of the Italian school, the catalogue including casts from ancient sculpture, and drawings and prints after Michael Angelo, Raffaelle, and Titian, which at that time were rare and of great value. We find by a memorandum on the back of one of Rembrandt's proofs, on India paper, of his etching of "Christ Healing the Sick," which now goes by the name of "The Hundred Guilder Print," that, "wishing to possess a print of the Plague, by Mark Antonio, after Raffaelle, valued by the dealer Van Zomers at a hundred florins, he gave the proof in exchange;" and further, "that such proofs were never sold, but given as presents to his friends." We may perceive by this the anxiety he had to collect works that were excellent. As we do not discover amongst the various articles enumerated, either palette or brushes, we may infer that on quitting Amsterdam he carried off all his working apparatus.

With this short notice of his life, and these few remarks, I must now enter into what is more properly the subject of this work, a critical examination into his principles and practice.

1 (return)
Mr. Nieuwenhuys, in a note in his Life of Rembrandt, mentions that the Directors of the Anatomical Theatre resolved to sell this picture by auction, for the purpose of augmenting the funds for supporting the widows of members, and in consequence the sale was announced for Monday the 4th of August, 1828. Since the year 1632, until this period, it had always remained in that establishment, as a gift from Professor N. Tulp, who presented it as a remembrance of himself and colleagues. Mr. N. had no sooner heard that the piece in question was to be sold, than he went to Amsterdam, with the intention of purchasing it; but, upon arriving, was informed that his Majesty, the King of the Netherlands, had opposed the sale, and given orders to the Minister for the Home Department to obtain it for the sum of 32,000 guldens, and caused it to be placed in the Museum at the Hague, where it remains. The picture is on canvas: height 64–½ inches, width 83–½ inches.